Uvodná stránka, verzia pre nevidiacich

Submenu

Hlavné menu

PODPOVRCHOVÉ PSEUDOMONTÁNNE ANTROPOGÉNNE TVARY RELIÉFU

UNDERGROUND PSEUDOMONTANEOUS ANTHROPOGENIC RELIEF FORMS

Pavel HRONČEK
Inštitút výskumu krajiny a regiónov Fakulty prírodných vied UMB, Cesta na amfiteáter 1, SK-974 01 Banská Bystrica; email: pavel.hroncek@umb.sk

Abstract

Montaneous (mining, extraction) geomorphological forms are created or predetermined by subsurface or surface mining of mineral resources. The most frequently occurring shapes are: quarries, landfills, shafts, tunnels, subsidence basins, sinkhole subsidences, mining chambers and others. Based on the location of the montaneous relief shapes in the surface layer of Earth's crust we distinguish between surface and subsurface shapes. A special group of montaneous relief shapes is called pseudomontaneous anthropogenic relief shapes.

Pseudomontaneous relief shapes are shapes that feature all of the corresponding characteristics typical for montaneous shapes, but they did not originate for the purposes of mining nor as a result of mineral resources extraction. Pseudomontaneous shapes are any objects and shapes located underground and created using the procedures employed in mining (e.g. by digging of underground areas and shapes), yet the causes, requirements and, above all, the purpose of their origin is different than the extraction of mineral resources.

 

Key words: mining geomorphological forms, underground, pseudomontaneous relief shapes, mining technology

 

  1. 2014_2_46-59.pdfFull text PDF (117 KB)