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DISTRIBÚCIA LESKLOKÔROVIEK NA SLOVENSKU A MORAVE VO VYBRANÝCH LOKALITÁCH POČAS ROKOV 2014 – 2018

DISTRIBUTION OF GANODERMA SPECIES IN SLOVAKIA AND MORAVIA IN SELECTED AREAS DURING 2014 – 2018

 

Terézia BECK1, Martin ŠEBESTA2, Matej MASNÝ3, Kateřina NÁPLAVOVÁ4, Peter PRISTAŠ5, Ján GÁPER2,4, Svetlana GÁPEROVÁ1

 

1Univerzita Mateja Bela, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra biológie a ekológie, Tajovského 40, SK-974 01 Banská Bystrica; terezia.gasparcova@umb.sk; svetlana.gaperova@umb.sk

2Technická univerzita vo Zvolene, Fakulta ekológie a environmentalistiky, Katedra biológie a všeobecnej ekológie, T. G. Masaryka 24, SK-960 63 Zvolen; xsebestam@is.tuzvo.sk; jan.gaper@tuzvo.sk

3Univerzita Mateja Bela, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra geografie a geológie; Centrum geoinformatiky a digitálnych technológií, Tajovského 40, SK-974 01 Banská Bystrica; matej.masny@umb.sk

4Ostravská univerzita, Přírodovědecká fakulta, Katedra biologie a ekologie, Chittussiho 10, CZ-710 00 Slezská Ostrava; naplavova.katerina@gmail.com

5Univerzita Pavla Jozefa Šafárika, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Ústav biologických a ekologických vied, Šrobárova 2, SK-041 54  Košice, peter.pristas@upjs.sk

 

Abstract

In the present study we focused on distribution of cosmopolitan wood-decaying genus Ganoderma in Slovakia and Czech Republic within natural and urban habitats. The 126 specimens collected in studied areas during 2014 – 2018 were identified based on ITS (internal transcribed spacer) sequencing (77 specimens) and micro and macrofeatures (49 specimens). Identified species include Ganoderma adspersum (25 specimens), G. applanatum (66 specimens), G. resinaceum (9 specimens), G. pfeifferi (8 specimens), G. carnosum (11 specimens) and       G. lucidum (7 specimens). G. adspersum and G. resinaceum prefer to grow in lower altitudes in urban areas in temperate zone while G. lucidum was found almost exclusively in natural habitats (except 1 specimen).             G. carnosum was collected mainly in urban areas (10 specimens) and basidiocarps originated from higher altitudes than G. lucidum. On the other hand G. applanatum was almost equally distributed in both natural habitats and urban areas as well as G. pfeifferi. Occurrence of both species was recorded from lowlands till montane zone, but G. pfeifferi was found mostly in parks and beech forests. Rare species G. valesiacum was not recorded at all during our study. Based on our observations we can conclude that there are different habitat preferences within Ganoderma genus.

 

Key words: genus Ganoderma, distribution, ecology, natural and urban areas, ITS

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